There are many signs and circumstances that surround the revealing of the grace of God in Christ. It’s not a surprise to read of both positive and negative responses in Matthew’s account of the early days in His first appearance.
“After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, ‘Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.’
“When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born. ’In Bethlehem in Judea,’ they replied, ‘for this is what the prophet has written:
“‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for out of you will come a ruler
who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.’”
“Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, ‘Go and make a careful search for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him.’
“After they had heard the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was. When they saw the star, they were overjoyed.” Matthew 2:1-10
The Magi were learned men who studied astronomy and the holy scriptures. Herod was appointed as king over Judea by its Roman conquerors. Let’s consider what might cause the Magi to be ‘overjoyed’ while King Herod was ‘disturbed’ by the same portion of the Old Testament quoted in this passage, beginning with social position and heart condition.